top of page

Understanding Sick Building Syndrome in Perth Apartments

Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) is a term used to describe a range of symptoms that occupants of a building experience without any specific illness or disease diagnosis. In the context of apartment buildings in Perth, SBS can become a concerning issue due to the unique climate and building characteristics.

Symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome

SBS can manifest in various ways, and its symptoms may include:

  1. Respiratory Irritation: Occupants may experience symptoms like coughing, sneezing, and throat irritation.

  2. Headaches: Frequent headaches are a common complaint in buildings affected by SBS.

  3. Fatigue: Occupants may feel unusually tired and lacking in energy.

  4. Eye, Nose, and Throat Irritation: Symptoms like dry or itchy eyes, a runny or stuffy nose, and sore throat can occur.

  5. Skin Problems: Skin dryness or irritation may be experienced by some occupants.

Causes of SBS in Perth Apartments

Several factors can contribute to SBS in apartment buildings in Perth:

  1. Poor Ventilation: Inadequate ventilation can lead to a buildup of indoor air pollutants, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and allergens.

  2. Humidity Levels: Perth's climate can necessitate times when air-conditioning is used extensively, and when this is combined with poor indoor humidity control, this can encourage mould growth.

  3. Indoor Air Quality: Contaminants from construction materials, cleaning products, and furnishings can deteriorate indoor air quality.

  4. Thermal Comfort: Inconsistent temperature and humidity control can make occupants uncomfortable.

Addressing Sick Building Syndrome

Conspar has experience in addressing SBS in apartment buildings. Here are some strategies to consider:

  1. Improved Ventilation: Ensure proper ventilation systems are in place to provide a continuous supply of fresh outdoor air. Mechanical ventilation with heat recovery can help maintain indoor air quality.

  2. Humidity Control: Install humidifiers or dehumidifiers as needed to maintain indoor humidity levels within the recommended range, typically between 30% and 50%.

  3. High-Quality Materials: Select construction materials and finishes with low VOC emissions to minimize indoor air pollution.

  4. Regular Maintenance: Implement a proactive maintenance program to address issues such as water leaks, mold growth, and malfunctioning HVAC systems promptly.

  5. Tenant Education: Educate apartment occupants about the importance of proper ventilation, temperature control, and the responsible use of cleaning products.

  6. Indoor Air Quality Testing: Conduct periodic indoor air quality testing to identify potential issues and take corrective actions.


Sick Building Syndrome is a significant concern, especially in regions like Perth with specific climate challenges. Conspar's proactive approach to addressing SBS through proper design, material selection, and ventilation systems is crucial. Prioritising the health and well-being of apartment occupants not only enhances their quality of life but also contributes to the overall sustainability and reputation of your projects. Additionally, ongoing monitoring and education can help maintain a healthy living environment in Perth's apartment buildings, ensuring that occupants thrive in comfort.

Recent Posts

See All


bottom of page